艺术品展示 / 油画
《春》(Spring)

名家名作

《春(Spring)》
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档案记录

画作名称:
Spring
中文名称:
画 家:
爱德华·蒙克(Edvard Munch)
作品年份:
1889年
原作材质:
布面油画
画作尺寸:
169.5 x 264.2 cm
馆藏链接:
挪威国家艺术、建筑和设计博物馆(the National Museum of Art, Architecture and Design)
备注信息:

       Edvard Munch worked as an artist for over sixty years. He was creative, ambitious and hardworking. He produced nearly two thousand paintings, hundreds of graphic motifs and thousands of drawings. In addition, he wrote poems, prose and diaries. The Scream, Madonna, Death in the Sickroom and the other symbolist works from the 1890s have made him one of the most famous artists of our time.

     

    "Don't become an artist!"
       Edvard wanted to become an artist early on, and there was no doubt that he had talent. But his father refused to allow him to follow his dream, so Edvard began studying engineering. But already after one year he chose to defy his father, and switched from engineering college to the Norwegian National Academy of Craft and Art Industry in Kristiania, now Oslo.

     

    A talented and provocative bohemian
       It was obvious to everyone in the Norwegian art community that the young man showed rare talent. In 1883, at the age of 20, he debuted at Høstutstillingen (The Autumn Exhibition). In 1886, Munch became acquainted with author and anarchist Hans Jæger, a leading figure in the Kristiania bohemian community. The bohemian community convinced Munch that the arts had to renew themselves to reach people and to have relevance in their lives. In the same year he exhibited the painting The Sick Child. This generated debate!

     

    Courage led to breakthrough
       Some acclaimed The Sick Child a work of genius, while others deemed it unfinished and unworthy of exhibition. Today it is considered to mark Munch's breakthrough. It was here that demonstrated the independence and willingness to break fresh ground.

    From this point until his final brush strokes, his artistic practice can be summed up in just word: experimentation. Munch did not care about established "rules" for so-called good art. His techniques in both painting and graphics were innovative.

     

    From people's emotional life to agriculture and landscape
       Henrik Ibsen's plays about humanity's existential challenges inspired Munch. Themes such as death, love, sexuality, jealousy and anxiety were central to his early images. Some themes sprang from personal experience. For example, Death in the Sickroom and The Sick Child are linked to his memory of his mother and sister's illnesses and early deaths.

       After 1910, Munch chose a quieter and secluded life. At his own farms at Ekely in Oslo and in Hvitsten, he found entirely new motifs, such as agriculture, working life and landscapes. Man in the Cabbage Field is a typical example from this period.

     

    百度翻译:http://fanyi.baidu.com

          《生病的孩子》描绘蒙克那年仅15岁的姐姐苏菲患病的情景,肺病将夺去她的生命,她消瘦而脸色苍白,可还未脱尽童稚的气质。这个难以磨灭的印象深深埋藏在蒙克的记忆里。油色用得犷放、随意,象一幅草稿,画面色调灰暗低沉,悲剧气氛浓烈。当它在挪威全国年度画展上展出时,受到保守势力的攻击。蒙克不得不换用学院派技法,再画了一幅变体画,改名为《春》,竟获得了国家奖学金,于1889年6月得以去巴黎留学。


 

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